Yadgir District was carved out from the erstwhile Kalburgi district as the 30th district of Karnataka on 31st December 2009. Located in the North east part of the state surrounded by Kalburgi in the North, Raichur in the South, Vijayapur in the West and the state of Telengana in the East. Yadgir District is the 2nd smallest district in the state, spread across 6 taluks namely Shorapur, Hunasagi, Shahpur, Wadagera, yadgir and Gurmitkal, with Yadgir as district headquarter. The vast stretch of fertile black soil of the district is known for bumper red gram and jowar Crops and the district is also referred to as the “Daal bowl” of the state. Yadgir district is spread over an area of 5270 sq. Km constituting 8.46 percent area of Karnataka State.
Geographical location of Yadgir is 16°20′ to 17°45′ North latitude and 76°4′ to 77°42′ East Longitude. The region is generally hot and temperature of this region is approximately 450 C (max) and 220C (min).
Yadgir has been blessed by the incessant flowing of two main rivers, “Krishna’ and ‘Bhima’. In addition to these two, a few tributaries flow in this region. Jowar and Paddy are the major crops grown in this district. Major commercial crops grown is cotton. District has a net-sown area of 75.11 percent of the total geographical area, which is 516088 Hector.
Socio-Economic and Cultural Characteristics
It is predominantly an agricultural district divided into two agro climatic zones namely eastern transition and north eastern dry zone. The zones indicate the predominance of rain dependent dry land agricultural area. The normal rainfall of the district is 636 mms. The climate of Yadgir District is generally dry and healthy. The net sown area in the district is 75.11 per cent of the total geographical area, which is 516088 Hector.
The major crops grown in the district are jowar, red gram, sunflower and groundnut. In terms of productivity the yields of principal crops is lesser than the state average. The variation in rainfall and endemic pest attack has affected productivity of tur (red gram). The production and productivity of jowar has been improving because of better use of fertilizer and plant protection measures. In case of oil seeds the area and production has been decreased.
Agriculture in the district mainly depends upon the rainfall and the net area irrigated to net area sown is 14%, which is below the state average of 24%. Krishna, Bhima rivers flow in the district. The medium irrigation projects in the district are Hattikuni and Soudha ghar.. There are 36 lift irrigation schemes and 445 minor irrigation tanks in the district.
Shahapur and Shorapur both Taluka have been fully irrigation Yadagiri Taluka having 65% irrigated area.
Cattle, Poultry, Sheep, Goats and Buffaloes constitute the major livestock of the district. It is to be noted that poultry and goat-rearing activities will increase the burden of work for children.
Though 18.73 percent of men and 25.86 per cent of women are agricultural laborers, they do not have yearlong employment. There is also temporary migration of full families or male workers. The migration is more in Shahapur, Shorapur and Yadgir blocks they are migrating in the month of November. In the former case children get enrolled to school but fail to attend thereafter when they move out of their villages with their parents for employment. In the latter case, females left behind by the males in the family hardly evince any interest in schooling of their children or participate in Gramsabha meetings, SDMC meetings etc,.
Road is one of the basic means of transport which requires to be developed in the district. All indicators pertaining to road in the district are below the state average. Length of different categories of road in the district is as detailed below: below:
|Major District roads||1,396.98|
|Other District Roads||0|